Apocalypse XXI according to Holy John
The apostle John describes it coming down from the sky: "Then I saw a new sky, a new earth, for the first sky and the first earth have disappeared and there is no sea anymore. And I saw the Holy City, the New Jerusalem that came down from the sky, from God."
The foundations of the walls of the city are adorned of all precious stones. The first foundation, jasper. The second foundation, sapphire. The third one, chalcedony. The fourth one, emerald. The fifth one, sardonyx. The sixth one, sardoine. The seventh one, chrysolithe. The eighth, beryl. The ninth one, topaz. The tenth one, chrysoprase. The eleventh one, hyacinth. The twelfth one, amethyst.
Beliefs and legends relating to each of the twelve stones.
The jasper is a multicoloured quartz aggregate. According to the tradition jasper was given the first place in the sky, it is the stone of the cosmic point of spring, the beginning of the year for wise old men.
The sapphire is a blue, green, yellow or purple corundum, aluminium oxide of which the colouring substances are iron and titanium. Sapphire has been a very appreciated stone for centuries. Cardinals have been wearing a light blue sapphire at the right hand for centuries. In Aaron's cathedrals God wears a sapphire. No other stone was worthy enough to take this place.
The chalcedony is the leader of quartzes; it is composed of silica, of quartz fibbers and of opal. Chalcedony is the stone of lawyers and speakers, Demosthenes (Athenian statesman) used to keep on in his pocket when he was preparing his speeches.
The emerald (from the Greek smaragdos) a natural silicate of aluminium and of yellow green or blue green beryllium, it is part of the the beryls. It is doubled-faceted, it can bring luck if it is offered under favourable auspices, it demands fidelity. By the Romans emerald called "Rock of Venus" encouraged love in the heart of the woman to whom it was offered.
The sardonyx is an agate, it is also a quartz aggregate finely hung around but composed of wide rectilinear bands where colours change from one band to the other and that make it similar to earth layers. The priests of pharaohs used to put the heart of the dead ones on a balance in order to estimate the evolution level, this was the souls weighing. The moaning soul then shouted "O my heart, do not testify against me", these words were engraved on magic sardonyx beetles considered as powerfully magic.
The sardoine or cornelian is part of the quartzes, cherry red agate or "blood stone", the pink or reddish variety is the symbol of martyr and heroism, some very beautiful ones were found in Egyptian graves devoted to Isis. During their life they ensured themselves the protection of the goddess after death for a good trip towards the beyond.
The chrysolithe or peridot or olivine is a green or olive green magnesium and iron silicate, frequently used in the Middle Age to enhance worship objects and church embellishments, it was always renowned effective to stimulate the gifts of prophecy, it was recommended to set it with gold and to wear it oneself to remove ghosts.
The beryl from the Greek term beryllos is an aluminum and beryllium silicate which can be pink (morganite), green (emerald), light blue or water blue (aquamarine). In the antiquity magic mirrors were made from it to increase the gifts of clear-sightedness. It was also used in the field of occult sciences to invoke the spirits in order to know the future, so they were plunged in water.
The topaz, alumina fluosilicate, which colour varies from yellow to pink, from the most colourless tone to light blue, from the Latin term topazus borrowed from the Greek topazos designates a mysterious island of the red sea where it was found but difficult to locate because of the mists and violent winds that surrounded it. In the antiquity one recognized to the topaz the power to confer a momentary vision of the beyond and thus to banish the fear of death.
The chrysoprase is a green-apple coloured chalcedony composed of silicate, nickel that give it its colour. In England it was Queen Victoria's favourite stone. The Ancients in the popular tradition recognized it the strange property to preserve from age.
The hyacinth or zircon, silicate of zirconium, the Ancients attributed to it the power to give beneficial harvests, it was meant to bring luck and considered as a sign of wealth.
The amethyst is a purple variety of quartzes (from the Greek term amethystos that protects from drunkenness). In the Christian tradition it symbolizes humility and wisdom. This is the stone of the episcopal ring; In popular belief it had the power to chase devils and to neutralize the sorcerers. The Romans used to shape cups made of amethyst in order not to get drunk, this was Nero's favourite stone.
The healing power of these twelve stones
according to Holy Hildegarde of Bingen,
a big mystic in the Middle Age
The first one, the red jasper = deafness, otitis, brain cold, rhinitis, throat infections, heart disorders, vascular disorders, anger, nightmares, anti-nervousness, stress, facilitated elocution, intellectual clarity, concentration. To be noted that Holy Hildegarde recommended the application of the stone on the sick part or dipped in wine).
The second one, the sapphire = wisdom, eyes, stress, depression, arthritis, nervousness, headaches, tension. Apply the stone or wear it.
The third one, the chalcedony = increases the immune defences, heart-vascular system, arteritis. Wear it in the wrist or around the neck.
The fourth one, the emerald = heart, oppression, rheumatisms, arthritis, eyes, migraines, chronic bronchitis, colitis. Put the stone in the mouth.
The fifth one, the sardonyx = madness, anger, nervousness, lessen passions, develops will. Put the stone in the mouth.
The sixth one, the sardoine or cornelian = flue, meningitis, improves hearing, infections, otitis, haemorrhages, haemorrhoids, kidney elimination, depression. Apply the stone or dip it into wine.
The seventh one, the chrysolithe = rachitis, growth disorders, anaemia, gastritis, hepatitis, fever, palpitations. By contact, carry the stone.
The eighth one, the beryl (aquamarine) = self-control, emotions, digestions, kidneys, skin allergies, laryngitis, hoarseness. Apply the stone.
The ninth one, the topaz (imperial) = cataract, conjunctivitis, spleen, poisoning, arthritis, osteoarthritis, biliary lithiasis, sterility, menopause disorders, eczema, furuncles. Apply the stone or wear it.
The tenth one, the chrysoprase = arthritis, cramps, rheumatisms, epilepsy, obsession, anger, aggressiveness. By contact, wear the stone.
The eleventh one, the hyacinth = disease of the eyes, sight, infantile diseases, fevers, eczema, eruptions, anti-stress, heart and anguishes, venous disorders. Apply the stone.
The last one, the amethyst = freckles, strawberry marks, skin cares, oedemas, detoxification (alcohol, tobacco, drug), anguish, self-control, concentration. By friction and water amethyst application, wear the stone.
The Twelve Stones and Zodiac
1st one, the jasper Aries sign (similar to the dark chaos of the origins).
2nd one, the sapphire Taurus sign.
3rd one, the chalcedony Gemini sign.
4th one, the emerald Cancer sign.
5th one, the sardonyx Leo sign.
6th one, the sardoine Virgo sign.
7th one, the chrysolithe Libra sign.
8th one, the beryl Scorpio sign.
9th one, the topaz Sagittarius sign.
10th one, the chrysoprase Capricorn sign.
11th one, the hyacinth Aquarius sign.
12th one, the amethyst Pisces sign.